An AHRQ study found that patients with pneumonia admitted to hospitals with high all-cause readmission rates were more likely to develop adverse events during the index hospitalization. This finding strengthens the evidence that readmission rates reflect the quality of hospital care for pneumonia.
The study – Analysis of Hospital-Level Readmission Rates and Variation in Adverse Events Among Patients With Pneumonia in the United States – published in JAMA Network Open, sought to evaluate whether patients with pneumonia admitted to hospitals with higher risk-standardized readmission rates had a higher risk of adverse events. The study linked patient-level adverse events data from the Medicare Patient Safety Monitoring System (MPSMS), a randomly selected medical record abstracted database, to the hospital-level pneumonia-specific all-cause readmissions data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Over 46,000 patients with pneumonia discharged from July 1, 2010, through December 31, 2019, in the MPSMS data were included.
- Analysis of Hospital-Level Readmission Rates and Variation in Adverse Events Among Patients With Pneumonia in the United States, JAMA Network Open, May 2022.