The Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council (PHC4) released a new research brief on Clostridium difficile infections—a common infection, often referred to as C. diff or CDI, that can cause severe suffering and can be life threatening. PHC4’s research found that hospitalized patients with a CDI often have higher in-hospital mortality and readmission rates and tend to stay in the hospital longer. Hospital payments also tend to be higher for patients with a CDI. For patients hospitalized for congestive heart failure, patients with a CDI had in-hospital mortality rates that were double those for patients who did not have a CDI (5.6% compared to 2.8%), and they typically stayed in the hospital longer (7 days versus 4 days). Readmission rates for patients with a CDI were 39% higher (33.6% versus 24.2%). Estimated hospital payments averaged $13,711 compared to $9,380. The research brief also examines the impact these infections have on other common conditions such as sepsis, pneumonia and diabetes. This research brief includes patients discharged from Pennsylvania acute care hospitals in FY 2017 (July 1, 2016 through June 30, 2017), with comparisons to FY 2008.
- Clostridium difficile Infections – Hospital Admissions in PA. PHC4. March 2018 (PDF)